Better news now. Building cross-platform C and C++ code is easier than ever with Visual Studio 15.3 Preview 4. [1]. Cygwin comes with the MingW libaries and headers and you can compile without linking to the cygwin1.dll by : using -mno-cygwin flag with gcc. So the client program cannot configure with ”./configure”. Cygwin = Lets put unix on windows, use as much native unix stuff as possible MingW = Lets keep unix out of windows as much as possible, us as much native windows stuff as possible. According to the MSYS2 devs, MSYS2 is slightly slower than Cygwin, and it has a significantly different project objective, leading to much reduced command-line environment: Cygwin vs MinGW 16 Jul 2017 | C++11 컴파일러. But using WSL means that a project will be built on WSL Ubuntu (in your case) and the resulted application also will run on WSL Ubuntu. 파일시스템 단에서 병목이 있는건지.. Cygwin delivers in that area much more effectively than WSL. They provide 32 and 64 bit compilers, along with some arm support as well. MinGW is simply a Windows port of the GNU compiler tools, such as GCC, Make, Bash, and so on. I mostly use Cygwin for standard *nix command-line tools, so I'm sure either would work, but a good terminal (when Cygwin got Mintty, it was a revelation) is a must. It does not attempt to emulate or provide comprehensive compatibility with Unix, but instead it provides the minimum necessary environment to use GCC (the GNU compiler) and a small number of other tools on Windows. 4. Wow. Cygwin applications by principle are not considered a "Native Win32 application" because it relies on the Cygwin® POSIX Emulation DLL or cygwin1.dll for Posix functions and does not use win32 functions directly. 全体の傾向としては、Cygwin が圧倒的に遅い。WSL は Cygwin の 2 倍位速い。VirtualBox は WSL と同じ位から数倍の速さまでばらつきがある。Cygwin → WSL → VirtualBox の順に速くなるので、より低層の仮想化を行ってゐるほど速いといふ傾向になってゐる。 I started using Unix around 1996 with Solaris 2.4 and Slackware 3.0 (was running Linux 1.2) Since then, Linux is part of my both personal and professional life every day,both for desktop and server purposes. Static link and distribute to any windows user. I forked Cygwin's main DLL (cygwin1.dll) to create "Cygnal": an drop-in alternative that provides more Windows-like behaviors in various areas. If you are compiling your program with MinGW, then the generated binaries … Während MinGW * -Anwendungen aus Windows stammen, erfordert MSYS2 eine POSIX-Emulationsebene, genau wie Cygwin. Cygwin applications by principle are not considered a “Native Win32 application” because it relies on the Cygwin POSIX Emulation DLL or cygwin1.dll for Posix functions and does not use win32 functions directly. 1. Usually in linux /usr/local/lib is the default library search path. The funny thing about both Cygwin and WSL is that, in my experience, many of the people who make use of them wish that they didn't have to make use of them. They provide 32 and 64 bit compilers, along with some arm support as well. This allows native, unmodified, Linux ELF64 binaries to run on WSL. Cygwin in contrast to MinGW. The latest preview improves support for alternative compilers and build environments such as MinGW and Cygwin. The WSL is real linux running on top of syscalls implemented in windows. You run ELF executables and usually produce them as well (unless you cross-compile). Cygwin is: a large collection of GNU and Open Source tools which provide functionality similar to a Linux distribution on Windows. It doesn’t have anywhere near all the features of Cygwin, but is ideal for programmers wanting to use MinGW. Cygwin VS MinGW MinGW是Minimalistic GNU for Windows的缩写,也就是Win版的GCC。 Cygwin则是全面模拟了Linux的接口,提供给运行在它上面的的程序使用,并提供了大量现成的软件,更像是一个平台。 So to run the program which needs lots of dependency on other libraries, I would prefer Cigwin over minGW. MSYS2 tries to provide an environment for building native Windows software. 目前, 有以下几种解决方法. Programs built under Cygwin can be bundled with Cygnal. I highly recommend MSYS2 over Cygwin (assuming WSL isn't an option). Moreover it seemed to me that CLisp on Cygwin no longer supports dumping an image. Cygwin does not look any closer to Linux than, say, FreeBSD does. WSL is a real Linux kernel built on a lightweight VM. Letzterer wird mit einem süßen Pacman-Paketmanager und eleganten Shells wie zsh geliefert. cygwin vs mingw might produce binaries that are accidentally binary compatible but I wouldn't count on that. Using C++ and WSL in VS Code. 众所周知, 在Windows下进行GNU C/C++的编写和调试一直是个难题. Cygwin makes porting Unix-based applications to Windows much easier, by emulating many of the small details that Unix-based operating systems provide, and are documented by the POSIX standards. Sometimes we get confused between Cygwin and MinGW when developing open source applications. 5. The other alternative would be to provide a cygwin MinGW OCaml cross toolchain, so that ocamlc, ocamldebug, … digest cygwin paths but produce MinGW executables. If you distribute it along with the Cygwin runtime library (cygwin1.dll), you have to compile with its open source license. cygwin vs mingw might produce binaries that are accidentally binary compatible but I wouldn't count on that. I greatly prefer this to using plain MingW and MSYS. And, if that's the case, chances are also good that the reason for that has something to do with a slew of legacy software that only runs on Windows. If both of those things are the case and you're trying desperately to develop a Unixy workflow, very clean integration with native Windows binaries is an unfortunate must. You cannot kill Cygwin from older versions of Windows atleast until they are still supported. WSL Therefore I consider myself a very difficult person to satisfy when it comes to my daily working environment. I highly recommend MSYS2 over Cygwin (assuming WSL isn't an option). From Mingw’s website: MinGW (“Minimalistic GNU for Windows”) is a collection of freely available and freely distributable Windows specific header files and import libraries combined with GNU toolsets that allow one to produce native Windows programs that do not rely on any 3rd-party C runtime DLLs. While porting applications under MinGW, functions not native to Win32 such as fork(), mmap(), or ioctl() will need to be reimplemented into Win32 equivalents for the application to function properly. a DLL (cygwin1.dll) which provides substantial POSIX API functionality. 한가지 아쉬운 점이라면 C프로그램 컴파일 하는데 네이티브 리눅스보다 확실히 좀 느린거 같네유. 如果不喜欢庞大的 Cygwin,而且使用不多,可以试试。不过喜欢完整体验、不在乎磁盘占用等等,还是推荐 Cygwin 而不是 MSYS。 MinGW-w64,前面提到的 MinGW,是针对 32 位 Windows 应用开发的。而且由于版本问题,不能很好的支持较新的 Windows API。 barrkel on Dec 12, 2017. There is a 64-bit environment similar to MinGW but it’s a different project. According to the MSYS2 devs, MSYS2 is slightly slower than Cygwin, and it has a significantly different project objective, leading to much reduced command-line environment: WSL WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) 是由微软与 Canonical 公司合作开发的 Windows 子系统, 它类似 Cygwin, 提供了比 Cygwin更好的兼容性, 更全的功能, 更快的 … Off course they are not the same but which one to prefer when is a big challenge. MinGW编译器提供了对Microsoft C运行时和某些特定语言运行时功能的访问。MinGW是一个极简主义者,它不会也永远不会试图为在MS-Windows上部署POSIX应用程序提供POSIX运行时环境。如果您希望在这个平台上部署POSIX应用程序,请考虑使用Cygwin。 我对WSL和Cygwin比MinGW更熟悉。 In WSL, I can do none of that. The problem is there’s no /usr directory psychically. There is a 64-bit environment similar to MinGW but it’s a different project. Pro. MSYS2 provides a large collection of packages containing such software, an… You cannot kill Cygwin from older versions of Windows atleast until they are still supported. There's been pressure, it's not a priority. WSL2 (which isn't out yet, but soon will be) uses an entire real linux kernel. Linux虚拟机 2. You can also get a small UNIX/POSIX like environment, compiled with MinGW called MSYS. 9 months ago. WSL filesystem performance is garbage, for one thing. Cygwin = Lets put unix on windows, use as much native unix stuff as possible MingW = Lets keep unix out of windows as much as possible, us as much native windows stuff as possible. 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