In these colonies, cricket was established as a popular sport either by white settlers (as in South Africa Zimbabwe, Australia, New Zealand, the West Indies and Kenya) or by local elites who wanted to copy the habits of their colonial masters as in India. (iii) The first Indian club, the Calcutta Cricket Club was established in 1792. The free CBSE notes available here come with detailed explanations of important topics to further make learning easy for students. A scheduled tour of MCC in 1930 was cancelled due to Gandhi’s Dandi March and the Civil Disobedience. (c) The stumps must be 22 inches high and the bail across them six inches. (v) Professionals:  The poor who played it for a living were called Professionals. 2. Many other important changes occurred during 19. The first non-white club in the West Indies was established towards the end of 19. (iv) The game’s equipment remained fundamentally true to its origins in rural England. He saw a huge opportunity in televised cricket. Question 1. By 17. (i) Kerry Packer, an Australian television tycoon, signed up fifty, of the world’s leading cricketers and staged unofficial Tests, and One Day Internationals under the name of World Series. The players become famous are those who had played for their country. History and Sport: The Story of Cricket Class 9 Important Questions Long Answer Type Questions. (ii) The rhythms of village life were slower and cricket’s rules were made before the industrial revolution. Parsi clubs were funded and sponsored by Parsi businessmen like the Tatas and the Wadias. The Parsis made their own gymkhanas and finally defeated the Bombay gymkhana in a match in 1889. (a) The first written Laws of Cricket’ were drawn up in 1774. Answer 150 years ago the Indian cricketers and the Parsis had to struggle to find an open space to play. The popularity of this shortened version of the game led to the First World Cup being staged in 1975. (vi) The wages of the Professionals were paid by patronage or subscription or gate money. Prepare - Deeper check of your Knowledge, take this test of 25 questions. History and Sport: The Story of Cricket History and Sport: The Story of Cricket Cricket was invented in South-eastern England. (ix) Amateurs tended to be batsmen and the Professionals were generally bowlers. Till then England and Australia could veto its proceedings. Pakistan was 1. The organization of cricket reflects nature of English society. TV coverage changed cricket. The sport of cricket has a known history beginning in the late 16th century. (viii) The Parsis founded the first Indian Cricket Club, the Oriental Cricket Club, in Bombay in 1848. The game was seasonal and did not offer employment the whole year. (v) The origins of Indian cricket, that is cricket played by Indians, are to be found in Mumbai, earlier known as Bombay. (vii) Television coverage changed the game of cricket. Continuous TV coverage made cricketers celebrities who pay better than cricket boards. 157: Question 1: Test cricket is a unique game in many ways. MCC published its first revision of laws in 1788 and became guardians of cricket’s regulations. The professionals were paid patronage or subscription or gate money. Economics Chapter 3 Money and Credit – Notes & Study Material, Compounds of Xenon and uses of Noble Gases, Characteristics and Physical Properties of Group 18 Elements, Oxoacids of Halogens and Interhalogen Compounds, English Alphabets with Phonics Pronunciation, Economics Chapter 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy – Notes & Study Material. ☛ The word bat is an old English word that simply means stick or club. A rival first-class tournament on regional lines, the national cricket championship (later named Ranji Trophy) was established. The social superiority of amateurs was built and they were called Gentlemen while professionals were described as players. (i)  Cricket’s connection with a rural past can be seen in the, length of a Test Match. Required fields are marked *, History Chapter 7 History and Sports: The story of Cricket – Notes & Study Material. They were:(a) The weight of the ball and the width of the bat were specified (b) The first leg-before law was published in 1774 (c) The third stump became common, and the first six seam cricket ball was created (d) All the above. Questions and Answers of NCERT Book, History and Sport: The Stoty of Cricket Q.1. 1. Children who never got chance to watch international cricket because of living outside of big cities, where top-level cricket was played, could now watch and learn by imitating their heroes. Centenary of test matches was celebrated in 1977. Answer: The cricket originated in England. That only came to pass when the political pressure to isolate South Africa applied by the newly decolonized nations of Asia and Africa combined with liberal feeling in Britain and forced the English cricket Authorities to cancel a tour by South Africa in 1970. The game went on as long as it took to bowl out, (vii) The material of the bat changed slightly with time. Your email address will not be published. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, About 500 years ago in England, cricket grew out of many stick and ball games played. History and Sport: The Story of Cricket Chapter Summary Cricket grew out of the many sticks and ball games played in England nearly 500 years ago. The height of stamps, length of bails, weight of the ball and length of pitch were stated in the laws. It became so popular that its fans did not mind to be fined for playing it on Sunday instead of going to church. Cricket has its unique nature amongst all of the other modern games. The rules and regulations of cricket evolved on their own over a period of time. It was limited to those countries which were part of British Empire. size of the common playing grounds were of different sizes. How are the peculiarities of Test cricket shaped by its historical beginnings as a village game? They were the first ones to westernise themselves. Cricket in colonial India was organized in the principle of race and religion. (ii) Cricket in India was organised on the principles of race and religion. Parsis are the ones who founded the first Indian Cricket Club, The Oriental Cricket Club in Bombay in 1848. A series of changes in … How are the peculiarities of Test cricket shaped by its historical beginnings as a village game? (i) The 1970’s was the decade in which cricket transformed; it was a time when the traditional game evolved to fit a changing world. Last Updated on October 23, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal Leave a Comment. (ii) During the 1760’s and 1770, it became common to pitch the ball through the air rather than roll it along the ground. The word ‘bat’ is an old English word that simply means stick or club. Originally, cricket matches had no time limit. Cricket was earliest modern sport. Development of Cricket 1744: ‘Laws of Cricket’ were drawn up. (iv) The Pentangular was criticised because of its racial and communal foundations. (ii) Pakistan has pioneered two great advances in bowling: the ‘doosra’ and the ‘reverse swing’. In 1774. The first leg before law was published. Cricket was earliest modern sport. (a) A Test Match of cricket can go on for five days and still end in a draw. (iii) Enormous popularity of the game led to the first World Cup being successfully staged in 1975. (v) Cricket’s most important tools are all made of natural, pre-industrial materials. The game went on as long as it took to bowl out a side twice. The size of the commons land was variable and no boundary was present. Also around this time a third stump became common. Locals were discouraged to play this sport. (i) A series of changes occurred in the game of cricket in the second half of the 18th century. (iii) By the 17th century, cricket had evolved enough to be recognisable as a distinct game. Q-1. The length of the boundary line was decided by the umpires after taking the consensus of the captains of the two teams. The word ‘bat’ is an old English word that simply means stick or club. (iii) Coloured dress, protective helmets, field restrictions and cricket under lights became a standard part of the post Packer game. But the global market had made Indian cricketers the best-paid and famous one in the game. (i) Cricket grew out of the many stick and ball games played in England 500 years ago. (b) These laws stated that ‘the principals shall choose from amongst the gentlemen present two umpires who shall absolutely decide on disputes’. (v) Television channels made money by selling sports to companies to air commercials for their products. (iv) Indians were considered to have no talent for the game and certainly not meant to play it. In what ways is the game of cricket unique and different from other games? Cricket was played for the first time in 1721 at Cambay, it was a recreational match played by English sailors. Both skills were developed in response to sub-continental conditions. (x) A Parsi team beat the Bombay Gymkhana at cricket in 1885. 1. • Cricket is a very old game and it grew in England. Even a football match can get over in an hour and a half of playing time. (vi) The bat is made of wood, as are the stumps and the boils. Dates in cricket history. Pitching the balls through air became common during the 1760s and 1770s. (iv) In 1977, cricket celebrated 100 years of test matches. She has started this educational website with the mindset of spreading Free Education to everyone. How did it become an Indian sport from a British sport? Let us know the story of Cricket. CHAPTER 7: HISTORY AND SPORT: THE STORY OF CRICKET. Development of Cricket 1744: ‘Laws of Cricket’ were drawn up. During its early years, cricket was played on the commons. Gentlemen, while Professionals were called Players. (ii) Cricket remained limited to those countries that had once been part of the British Empire. Test matches and one-day internationals were played in this series. The white cricket elite in India offered no help to the enthusiastic Parsis. The colonial flavor of world cricket during the 1950s and 1960s can be seen from the fact that England and the other white commonwealth countries, Australia and New Zealand continued to play test cricket with South Africa which was a racist state that practiced a policy of racial segregation. Buy Whole package. (ii) Amateurs: The rich who could afford to play it for pleasure were called amateurs. Here, playing cricket become a sign of superior social and racial status. The main countries are India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Australia, Ne… Cricket was a British game. India entered the world of test cricket in 1932 before it became an independent nation because test cricket from its origins as a contest between different parts of the British Empire, not sovereign nations. The first written laws of cricket were drawn up in 1744. … How did the National Movement affect cricket in India? Even Mahatma Gandhi condemned the pentangular as a communally divisive competition that was out of place in a time when nationalists were trying to unite India’s diverse population. (vii) Parsis came into close contact with the British because of their interest in trade and this was the first Indian community to Westernise. Question: When were the laws of cricket drawn up? A departure from underarm bowling allowed the bowlers the option of length, deception through the air and increased pace. (i) The first record we have of cricket being played in India is from 1721, an account of recreational cricket played by English sailors in Cambay. Question: Mention any two peculiarities of Test Cricket. Chapter 7 History and Sport: The Story of Cricket History and Sport: The Story of Cricket Cricket was invented in South-eastern England. The technology of satellite television and the world wide reach of multi-national TV companies created a global market for cricket. Discuss some of the ways in which it is different from other team games. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on History and Sport: The Story of Cricket Class 9 with Answers from here. The game was linked to the wider history of colonialism and nationalism was in part shaped by politics of religion and caste. The first Indian club, the Calcutta Cricket Club was establish in 1792. The British did not consider colonial India as a nation but as a collection of castes, races and religious communities and gave themselves the credit for unifying the sub-continent. This shifted the balance of power in cricket: a process that had begun by the breakup of the British Empire was taken to logical conclusion by globalization. (ii) The word bat is an old English word that simply means stick or club. (iii) The curved bat was replaced with the straight one. The ball is made with leather, twine and cork. Having originated in south-east England, it became the country's national sport in the 18th century and has developed globally in the 19th and 20th centuries. During this process of westernisation, they founded the first Indian cricket club, in Bombay, in 1848, called the Oriental Cricket Club. (vii) The material of the bat changed slightly with time. International matches have been played since 1844 and Test cricket began, retrospectively recognised, in 1877. (iv) India, Pakistan and West Indies boycotted South Africa. Ans: The two peculiarities of Test cricket are: Sport is a large part of contemporary life: it is one way in which we amuse ourselves, compare with each other, stay fit and express our social loyalties. Discuss some of the ways in which it is different from other team games. The game was expected to represent all that England valued; fair play, discipline and gentlemanliness. (ii) The innovations introduced during this time changed the nature of the game. Even today the bat and ball handmade not industrially manufactured. Vijay Hazare, a Christian, played for the rest. (viii) Unlike golf and tennis, cricket has refused to make its balls with industrial or man made materials, plastic fibre and metal have been rejected. The word ‘bat’ is an old English word that simply means a stick or club. Disclaimer | The size of the commons land was variable and no boundary was present. The weight of ball was limited to 5.5-5.75 ounces and width of bat to 4 inches. It was dominated by its foundation members, England and Australia, which retained the right of veto over its proceedings. Once it was cut out of a single piece of wood. The audience for the game expanded because it was being telecast live into small towns and villages. CHAPTER 7: HISTORY AND SPORT: THE STORY OF CRICKET. (iii) Cricket’s vagueness about the size of the cricket ground is a result of its village origins. (iii) The doosra was to counter aggressive batsmen with heavy modern bats who were threatening to make finger spin obsolete, and ‘reverse swing’ to move the ball in on dusty. During its early years, cricket was played on the commons. Cricket was the earliest modern team sport to be codified. By the 17th century, it evolved enough to be recognizable as a distinct game. In the colonies, cricket remained a popular sport of the white settlers, e.g. To play for pleasure of playing and not for money was an aristocratic value. Cricket has been a very lengthy game as compared to others. (ii) The Imperial Cricket Council (ICC) was renamed as the International Cricket Conference as late as 1965. Students can solve NCERT Class 9 Social Science History: History and Sport The Story of Cricket Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level on Success Roar Classes Website itself. The situation was in hand till 1989 England and Australia got equal membership. It will have all the chapters of all the Subjects. Tools made of plastic; fiber glass and metal have been firmly rejected. 1. For e.g. We all know that Sachin Tendulkar is one of the greatest cricketers India has had. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. ☛ Till the middle of the 18th century, bats were roughly the same shape as hockey sticks curving outwards at the bottom. Discuss some of the ways in which it is different from other team games. The first Indian team toured England in 1932. Decolonization is the process in which different parts of the European Empires became independent nations. Q.2. (iv) The weight of the ball was limited to between 5½ to 5¾ ounces and the maximum width of the bat to 4 inches. (iii) The rich covers amateurs for two reasons one, they considered sport a kind of leisure; Two, there was not enough money in the game for the rich to be interested. (v) In time, they became part of the technique of bowlers everywhere in the world. (d) The ball must be between 5 and 6 ounces and the two sets of stumps 22 yards apart. (vii) Most professionals worked as miners or in other forms of working class employment in the winter and off season. (e) Grounds can be Oval like the Adelaide Oval or nearly circular, like Chepauk in Chennai. With the British, cricket spread to the colonies. The Parsis were the first Indian community to set up a cricket club in India due to their close contact with the British. The players Indian fans remember from the era of the Pentangular and the Quadrangular are those who were fortunate enough to play test cricket. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CRICKET AS A GAME IN INDIA Cricket was given its … Therefore, the games centre of gravity shifted to South Asia.Anglo-Australian domination sover the game. It became quite popular by the 17th century. (i) India had the largest viewership for the game amongst the cricket playing nations and the largest market in the cricketing world. Other sports like hockey or football lay down the dimensions but cricket does not. Equipments of cricket also changed with time. (iii) The British imperial officers brought the game to the colonies where the subjects were non-whites like India and the West Indies. The first Indian club, The Calcutta Cricket Club (ICC) was established in 1792. The historical development of cricket as a game in England. The replacement of gentlemanly amateur by the paid professional, The triumph of one-day game as it shadowed test cricket. (iii) Pentangular : The Quadrangular later became the Pentangular when a fifth team was added namely, the rest, which comprised of all the communities left over, such as Indian Christians. It became so popular that its fans did not mind to be fined for playing it on Sunday instead of going to church. Also, learn about the technological advancements that affected the game of contemporary cricket. The Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) was founded in 1787. The world’s first cricket club was formed in Hambledon in 1760s. No specification regarding the size or shape of the ground. Cricket is batsmen’s game because its rules were made to favour ‘Gentlemen’ who did most of the batting and captain of team is generally a batsman who was “gentlemen’. Test playing nations like India, Pakistan and the West Indies boycotted South Africa, but they did not have the necessary power in the ICC to debar the country from the test cricket. The imperial Cricket Conference ICC was Increased Cricket Conference in 1965. Also the third stump is common. Cricket was the earliest modern team sport to be codified. Curved bats were replaced by straight bats. These notes basically offer the right insight into the difficult Social Studies (SST) Class 9 concepts. it gave itself rules and regulations so that it could be played in a uniform and standardized way as other team games like soccer and hockey. This document is highly rated by Class 9 students and has been viewed 18992 times. Amateurs tend to be batsmen and professionals have to bowl. This remained dominated by white plantation owners and their servants. (vi) By 1780, three days had become the length of a major match; this year also saw the creation of the first six seam cricket ball. (i) First class cricket was organised on communal and racial lines. There were revision of laws by MCC between 1770s … in India. (iv) Initially, both these techniques were treated with suspicion by countries like England and Australia, which saw them as an underhand, illegal bending of the laws of cricket. (b) No other modern team sport takes even half as much time to complete. These notes of Chapter 7 - History and Sport: The Story of Cricket are put together by the subject experts and based on the latest CBSE Class 9 syllabus. (f) In 1788, MCC published the first revision of the laws and became the guardian of cricket’s regulations. The first test cricket was played between England and Australia when Australia was still a white settler colony, not even a self governing dominion. Now, it consists of two pieces : the blade which is made out of wood of the willow. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 7: History and Sports: The Story of Cricket. Answer: (i) Cricket at initial stage: Cricket in colonial India was organised on the principle of race and religion. best paid and most famous cricketers in the game. (i) The organisation of cricket in England reflected the nature of English society. The Empires were given the power to decide on all disputes. in South Africa, Zimbabwe, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies and Kenya. (vi) A rival first class tournament on regional lines, the National Cricket Championship (later renamed Ranji Trophy) was established. Ans. 1971 was a landmark year because the first one-day international was played between England and Australia in Melbourne. In 1788 the MCC published its first revision of the laws and became the guardian of cricket’s regulations. 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