The church in Rome was started rather early–probably by AD 50 and there is no evidence that Peter came to Rome before AD 63. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. 9:5). Much of what has become Christian theology originated not with Jesus, but with Paul, through his writings. Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. who does not remain on the foundation of the one Church which was founded upon the rock by Christ [Matt. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. “[Christ] made answer: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock will I build my Church. Technically, a Jew did start the ‘catholic’ church. By this time the location of Simon Magus' remains was probably forgotten, or the papacy by then believed that the grave was indeed Peter's and that Peter was the founder of the Catholic Church. “[Jesus said:] ‘Simon, my follower, I have made you the foundation of the holy Church. To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. If he [should] desert the chair of Peter upon whom the Church was built, can he still be confident that he is in the Church?” (The Unity of the Catholic Church 4; 1st edition [A.D. 251]). presented in this work are free of doctrinal or moral errors. They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. “‘But,’ you [Jovinian] will say, ‘it was on Peter that the Church was founded’ [Matt. Among the efforts by the Church to combat this heresy was the organization of the mendicant orders, including one led by St. Dominic. “[T]he Lord said to Peter, ‘On this rock I will build my Church, I have given you the keys of the kingdom of heaven [and] whatever you shall have bound or loosed on earth will be bound or loosed in heaven’ [Matt. Essentially, as accepted today, it unites all Catholics in a common faith as a profession of core beliefs. No, he is not. “Wherefore the most holy and blessed Leo, archbishop of the great and elder Rome, through us, and through this present most holy synod, together with the thrice blessed and all-glorious Peter the apostle, who is the rock and foundation of the Catholic Church, and the foundation of the orthodox faith, has stripped him [Dioscorus] of the episcopate” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 451]). The answer provided by Simon Peter set in motion the formation of the Catholic Church by Jesus. And I say unto thee also, that you are Cephas, and on this rock will I build my Church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it” (The Diatesseron 23 [A.D. 170]). If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. By his own admission, he was a Pharisee. “If the very order of episcopal succession is to be considered, how much more surely, truly, and safely do we number them [the bishops of Rome] from Peter himself, to whom, as to one representing the whole Church, the Lord said, ‘Upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell shall not conquer it.’ Peter was succeeded by Linus, Linus by Clement. In establishing the Twelve Apostles with Peter at their head, Jesus gave the Church the basic structure of its leadership. No, he is not. . . . The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. Non-Catholic Christians and the secular world have used the Inquisitions, the Crusades, and the Galileo incident as “clubs” to bash the Church for almost 500 years. As of 2018, this number is 266, with the current Pope beginning his reign in 2013. . . 16:18]” (Clementine Homilies 17:19 [A.D. 221]). The Catholic Church claims Peter gave to it the keys of the gates of heaven and that no one will enter into YEHOVAH’s presence unless that church opens the gates. In the world today only one Church, the Catholic Church, with its center in Rome, fills the bill. 2:20, 1 Pet. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. According to the Catholic tradition, the history of the Catholic Church begins with Jesus Christ and his teachings (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30) and the Catholic Church is a continuation of the early Christian community established by the Disciples of Jesus. As such, Catholicism is the largest Christian ecclesiastical body in the world. Also, Saint Peter did not start the Catholic Church. What kind of man are you, subverting and changing what was the manifest intent of the Lord when he conferred this personally upon Peter? The correct answer to you question is “Yes, the bible did come from the Catholics”. 16:18]. Frydenborg also holds a double major Bachelor of Arts in history and politics from Washington and Lee University. So the Catholic Church says the traditions are as authoritative as the Bible. Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 boasts of the place of his episcopate, and contends that he holds the succession from Peter, on whom the foundations of the Church were laid [Matt. 16:18], that the building of the eternal temple might rest on Peter’s solid rock, strengthening his Church so surely that neither could human rashness assail it nor the gates of hell prevail against it” (Letters 10:1 [A.D. 445]). The “catholic church” here is simply a reference to the church as a whole. A significant part of the initial spread and missionary work was by Paul (Jewish Pharisee). “Philip, the presbyter and legate of the Apostolic See [Rome], said: ‘There is no doubt, and in fact it has been known in all ages, that the holy and most blessed Peter, prince and head of the apostles, pillar of the faith, and foundation of the Catholic Church, received the keys of the kingdom from our Lord Jesus Christ, the Savior and Redeemer of the human race, and that to him was given the power of loosing and binding sins: who down even to today and forever both lives and judges in his successors’” (Acts of the Council, session 3 [A.D. 431]). . Jesus clearly makes Peter a servant, leader, and unifier to all His Apostles and disciples. The start of the church involved Jews in Jerusalem, but the church soon spread to other people groups. This belief is based on Matthew 16:18, when Jesus Christ said to Peter: He said: “Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it… Feed my lambs; feed My sheep” (Matt. But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? “Simon Cephas answered and said, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’ Jesus answered and said unto him, ‘Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah: flesh and blood has not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. The Catholic Church is an ancient religious institution boasting over a billion members worldwide. It is not possible to set up another altar or for there to be another priesthood besides that one altar and that one priesthood. It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. “Likewise it is decreed . However, even a child can understand that "treat others as you want to be treated" could not possibly mean "take away the civil rights from law-abiding, taxpaying gay Americans" which is what the Church teaches today. . ‘Oh you of little faith,’ he says, ‘why do you doubt?’ [Matt. . In fact, the decision to remain celibate occurs before the ordination to the diaconate and cannot be changed. Giorgio Cosulich/Getty Images News/Getty Images, The Closing of the Western Mind: The Rise of Faith and the Fall of Reason, by Charles Freeman, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops: Catechism of the Catholic Church. But such critics almost invariably distort (willingly or unwittingly) the known facts in order to do so. A Concise History of the Catholic Church by Thomas Bokenkotter (Doubleday, 1990) Cardinal Hume and the Changing Face of English Catholicism by Peter Stanford (Geoffrey Chapman, 1993) Top 16:18]. Because of this alone, it is important to have an accurate understanding of the Roman Catholic Church… Because the Church, according to the Creed, is One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic, an argument can be made for identifying the very beginning of the Church to the moment when Jesus’s words to Simon Peter in Matthew’s gospel first mention the concept? Some have tried to argue that Jesus did not mean that his Church would be built on Peter but on something else. And to you I will give the keys of the kingdom of heaven . . Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" . “I follow no leader but Christ and join in communion with none but your blessedness [Pope Damasus I], that is, with the chair of Peter. . That statement is fair. Peter is given crucial duties and responsibilities and authorized to carry them out. His name was Paul. Why did Christ chose Peter, an uncultured man prone to failure, as a foundation on which to build his church? And so Simon Magus' remains lay hidden in the graffiti wall and the grave remained empty after 656. The Roman Catholic Church sees an embryonic stage of the papacy in this passage. Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . So the Catholic Church says the traditions are as authoritative as the Bible. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. Anyone who is not in the ark of Noah will perish when the flood prevails” (Letters 15:2 [A.D. 396]). “Look at [Peter], the great foundation of the Church, that most solid of rocks, upon whom Christ built the Church [Matt. St. “But what is his error . has placed the principal charge on the blessed Peter, chief of all the apostles. : Then we’ve got a false gospel. . The Albigenses denied the mystery of the Incarnation, rejected Church sacraments and condoned many secular activities considered evil by the Catholic faith. 16:18). It is not a specific “Catholic Church” versus some other church. Many Christians know that the Catholic church is a total fallacy as it has no right to even exist as whilst Peter later became a preacher, he was never commissioned to even do anything other than to carry out the Great Commission along with all the other members of the first church. As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. The history of the Catholic Church begins with the teachings of Jesus Christ, who lived in the 1st century CE in the province of Judea of the Roman Empire. . And Peter (unlike James son of Zebedee) is miraculously delivered from prison and martyrdom (Acts 12:1-18). I know that this is the rock on which the Church has been built. From Jesus, the Twelve received the mandate to preach the Gospel to all nations. The Catholic Church claims that Jesus conferred on Peter and his successors supreme power in faith and morals over all the other Apostles and over every Christian in the Church. The Roman Catholic Church puts a great deal of emphasis on Peter and claims that Jesus said he would build his church on him. Whoever eats the Lamb outside this house is profane. 16:18]?” (The Faith 4:5 [A.D. 379]). St. Peter's role in the New Testament further substantiates the Catholic belief concerning the papacy and what Jesus said in Matthew 16. You are teaching people to follow the Catholic Church. 16:18). To ignore the Church, one effectively ignores Christ. Some argue that in this passage there is a minor difference between the Greek term for Peter (Petros) and the term for rock (petra), yet they ignore the obvious explanation: petra, a feminine noun, has simply been modified to have a masculine ending, since one would not refer to a man (Peter) as feminine. It is that term which is then translated into Greek as petros. And there were millions—millions of Christians, true Christians—down through history who did not follow the pope, who were never part of this Roman system, and they were slaughtered by the millions. Saint Peter (r. AD 30; died between AD 64 and 68) also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon (/ ˈ s aɪ m ə n / ()), Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and one of the first leaders of the early Church. Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the overall process of the Catholic Church's foundation. . the holy Roman Church has not been placed at the forefront [of the churches] by the conciliar decisions of other churches, but has received the primacy by the evangelic voice of our Lord and Savior, who says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it; and I will give to you the keys of the kingdom of heaven. As we will see, Peter himself did not have the stability or the stature to be the foundation rock upon which the eternal church of Christ was to be built. It believes Jesus gave to Peter (and by implication, to all his formal successors) a foundational role in the building of his church. I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … From Peter and Paul's time onwards, those who followed the various teachings of Jesus transmitted from various sources encompassed a wide range of disparate and often incompatible beliefs, structures and leaders. . Whoever has gathered elsewhere is scattering” (Letters 43[40]:5 [A.D. 253]). The very word "Cardinal" means "hinge." St. Jesus did not start the Catholic Church. Well . It is Jesus who is the rock. If you read the Bible you will find that the first church was referred to as Christians. 2:5–6, Rev. But Christ did not mean, as the Roman Catholics say he did, to exalt Peter to supreme authority above all the other apostles, or to say that he was the only one upon whom he would rear his church. There were very few Christians in Rome until late in the Western Roman Empire's history, and it was only with collapse of Roman Imperial rule in the West and the capture of the vibrant Christian communities in North Africa, Egypt and the Middle East by barbarian tribes and later Muslims that a Catholic Church with a powerful Pope leading it was seen as the leader of Christianity in the West. One of the foundational dogmas of the Catholic church is that the current Pope, in an unbroken chain, has received their authority to rule the church directly from the apostle Peter.. . By the time Roman Emperor Constantine brought Christianity under the protection of the Roman state, Christians had been fighting over theology so often and in so destabilizing and violent a manner that Constantine sought to impose a unified theology at the Council of Nicaea by forcing the adoption of the Nicene Creed in 325, nearly 300 years after Jesus's death. . I would suggest you study the early church Fathers, Ignatius of Antioch (2nd or 3rd bishop of Antioch, after Peter the Apostle), Study Martin Luther (who rightly credits the … Instead, its foundation was a process that lasted centuries and does not have any firm single date for its founding. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. At the same time, though, the Roman church did not, by any means, “rule” over Christianity in general, not in the way that the Vatican rules over Catholic churches today. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. . Question: "What is the origin of the Roman Catholic Church?" They all became bishops of the Catholic Church. Catechism of the Catholic Church 2nd Edition 1994 Is Peter the rock on which the Church is built? See disclaimer. . Though it was largely ignored initially, in 381 the Roman Emperor Theodosius made the Nicene Creed the official core of Christianity, although disputes would rage on for some time even after this development. 16:18, 1 Cor. Roman Catholicism itself maintains that the Roman Catholic Church was established by Christ when he gave direction to the Apostle Peter as the head of the church. Well, the Catholic Church was started by Jesus (Jewish, though, in Christian Christology, also God) through the authority he gave to Peter (Jewish) and the apostles (all Jewish). Catholic tradition celebrates Peter as the first Bishop of Rome and the father of the papacy. No. . 2:5–6, Rev. Eventually, the Bishops of Rome began to assert themselves as the leaders of an emerging institutional organization, but very few other Bishops did anything other than pay them lip service. The bBible also tells not to eat of the flesh nor drink of the blood. These critics also neglect the fact that Jesus spoke Aramaic, and, as John 1:42 tells us, in everyday life he actually referred to Peter as Kepha or Cephas (depending on how it is transliterated). We have seen it at every stage of the Church’s history–in the councils, in the Fathers, in the Acts and the epistles, in the Gospels, where it was conferred by Christ himself. Though Jesus, in the eyes of Catholics, delegates Peter as the leader of his apostles and the future church in Matthew 16:18, a large organization with a clear head in the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, that espoused the theology that is the core of today's Catholic Church was most certainly not founded by him. Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. . The change in the gender is purely for stylistic reasons. He did not choose a conscientious manager or a charismatic personality, but a man who was all heart and apt to behave irrationally at times. But is this true? The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. You may have found a Roman Catholic friend who claims that Peter founded the church in … 8:14; I Cor. In fact, it was Peter himself who spoke against "being lords over God's heritage" in I Peter 5:3. The New Testament contains five different metaphors for the foundation of the Church (Matt. “[Simon Peter said to Simon Magus in Rome:] ‘For you now stand in direct opposition to me, who am a firm rock, the foundation of the Church’ [Matt. Then we’ve got a false gospel. So while the church may live on in a much different form than its early beginnings, the Spirit remains the glue between Jesus and his church. “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.” With this answer, Jesus established the Catholic Church with Simon Peter designated the first Pope. Indeed, the others were that also which Peter was [i.e., apostles], but a primacy is given to Peter, whereby it is made clear that there is but one Church and one chair. The Catholic church teaches that Peter was the first Pope and the earthly head of the church, but the Bible never says this once. 16:18–19]. The Catholic Church proclaims itself to be the church that Jesus Christ died for, the church that was established and built by the apostles. It is Jesus who is the rock. Below, read about the role of Peter, Paul, Constantine and the … The Samaritans were evangelized by Philip in Acts 8. You are the head of the fountain from which my teaching flows; you are the chief of my disciples’” (Homilies 4:1 [A.D. 351]). 16:19]?” (Demurrer Against the Heretics 22 [A.D. 200]). . 16:18–19]. NIHIL OBSTAT: I have concluded that the materials I did so myself, in my Protestant days. According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, there have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter. “The Lord says to Peter: ‘I say to you,’ he says, ‘that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not overcome it. 16:18,19; John 21:15,17). Paul may have had even more influence among contemporary Christians than did Peter, and he certainly brought Christianity more converts than Peter. Then we’ve got a false gospel. . that it ought to be announced that . In Acts 10, God gave Peter a vision that helped him understand that the message of salvation was not limited to the Jews but open to anyone who believed (Acts 10:34–35, 45). See Acts 15, where the advice of James, and not that of Peter, was followed. The eleven other apostles did not start any other churches. You are the inspector of those who will build on earth a Church for me. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. If you believe that Roman Catholic Church's view on it, the Roman Catholic Church was built on St. Peter per Matthew 16:18. No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). According to the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia, there have been an unbroken line of 256 popes from 1903 A.D. back to Peter. In a word, no. No, Jesus Christ started the Church (CCC* 770-780) and Peter was the prince of the Apostles (CCC* 816). If Emperor Constantine started the Catholic Church, then there should be no way to trace the continuity of every Bishop of Rome, from Peter to Francis today. ’ [Matt. However, in the Eastern catholic Church, like the Orthodox Church, married men can be considered for ordination to the diaconate and to the priesthood. At the head of the Twelve, Jesus placed Peter. Popes do not marry, although Peter did (Mat. Then we’ve got a false gospel. The Catholic Church was not founded by any one person or any two people. Peter denied the Lord during the trial of Christ. Origins of the Roman Catholic Church . The language of Peter's primacy, in Scripture, is no mere "primacy of honor." Even the Orthodox Churches recognize the pope as the successor of St. Peter; however, they do not honor his binding jurisdiction over the whole Church but grant him a position of "first among equals." One metaphor that has been disputed is Jesus Christ’s calling the apostle Peter “rock”: “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it” (Matt. Paul's writings have become a core of the Christian New Testament and as such, they have influenced Christians for close to 2,000 years. “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. . ’ [Matt. Peter therefore, cannot be the primary rock on which Jesus will build his church. Catholicism is a … However, he was one of the main leaders of the Christian movement after Jesus's death and tradition holds that he was the first Bishop of Rome. 16:18, 1 Cor. “It is to Peter that he says: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. : 21:14). 16:19]” (collected in Cyprian’s Letters74[75]:16 [A.D. 253]). The Church Fathers, those Christians closest to the apostles in time, culture, and theological background, clearly understood that Jesus promised to build the Church on Peter, as the following passages show. Upon you, he says, I will build my Church; and I will give to you the keys” (Modesty 21:9–10 [A.D. 220]). . https://www.desiringgod.org/articles/where-did-the-pope-come-from . And what does our Lord say to him? No. Brian E. Frydenborg lives in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area. 21:14). 16:18]. Today, Roman Catholic (Latin Rite) Catholics are celibate. He wished him who had been received into partnership in his undivided unity to be named what he himself was, when he said: ‘You are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church’ [Matt. . Answer: The Roman Catholic Church contends that its origin is the death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ in approximately AD 30. “Our Lord Jesus Christ . Roman Catholic Church (moved to Rome by Peter after he fled Jerusalem) was founded by God-made-man, Jesus Christ. . The Church considers its bishops to be the successors to Jesus's apostles and the Church's leader, the Bishop of Rome (also known as the Pope), to be the sole successor to Saint Peterwho ministered in Rome in the first century AD after his appointment by Jesus as head of t… Jesus’s naming of Peter contradicts human reason. 3:11, Eph. At God’s behest, Peter admits the first gentiles to the Church (Acts 10-11). 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