The entirety of the tree has a myriad of botanical uses. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. In addition, practitioners of traditional African medicine often use baobab fruit to curb inflammation. Production and hosting by Elsevier (Singapore) Pte Ltd. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691(15)30174-X. Osman MA. Self-treating a chronic condition with baobab and avoiding or delaying standard care may have serious consequences. Read our, Medically reviewed by Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, Medically reviewed by Lana Butner, ND, LAc, Medically reviewed by Richard N. Fogoros, MD, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Matt Fletcher / Lonely Planet Images / Getty Images, The Health Benefits of Grapefruit Seed Extract. As the plant matures you can expect it to reach up to 25 m (82ft) tall. Is Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Seed Oil good for my skin? It is a massive, deciduous tree up to 25 m in height and may live for hundreds of years. Some personal-care products contain baobab oil, which is extracted from the seeds of the baobab tree. Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Genus Adansonia is named after Michel Adanson (1727 - 1806), who was a French botanist in Senegal and author of the book, Familles des plantes. Baobab seed oil has been used in topical skin applications since ancient times and has long been known to offer natural benefits to our skin. The bark, leaves, flesh, and seeds of this tree are commonly used in a variety of foods in addition to skincare products. Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaertn. The common name baobab is derived from Arabic meaning "father of many seeds?. Baobab-containing products are often marketed as a rich source of antioxidants. https://www.edenproject.com/learn/for-everyone/plant-profiles/baobab The tree already faces a crisis of survival and is listed as an endangered species in the Red Data Book . Continue shopping for PROVINGS Adansonia baobab L., 1764 Adansonia digitata var. "A Baobab Solution for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Dehydration in Infantile Diarrhea." International Common Names Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Bombacaceae family and is generally known as the African Baobab. Available for purchase online, products containing baobab are sold in some natural-food stores and in stores specializing in dietary supplements. Adansonia sulcata A. Chev. Latin Name Adansonia digitata Description. Pulp of fruits used for food and food seasoning. "Chemical and Nutrient Analysis of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata) Fruit and Seed Protein Solubility." If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. 1997;42(1):68-73. Foundation Project: Supported by University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India [Grant No. The other Adansonia species all have 2n = 88. Baobab has numerous biological properties including antimicrobial, anti-malarial, diarrhoea, anaemia, asthma, antiviral, anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities amongst others. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. University Grant Commission, New Delhi, India. Also, the safety of supplements in pregnant women, nursing mothers, children, and those with medical conditions or who are taking medications has not been established. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Osman MA. Baobab is also said to protect against inflammation-related conditions (including type 2 diabetes, arthritis, and allergies, as well as heart disease and cancer). Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) (A. digitata) is a majestic tree revered in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. View abstract. If you're considering baobab for a chronic condition, make sure to consult your physician before starting your supplement regimen. Key words: Baobab, Adansonia digitata L., traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacology, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, anti-nutritional factors Introduction Baobab or Adansonia digitata L. belongs to the Malvaceae family (Bremer et al., 2003) and is a deciduous tree native to arid Central Africa (Yazzie et al., 1994). The review summarizes the information on various aspects of traditional information, taxonomic description, medicinal properties and importantly nutritional value. Tal-Dia A, Toure K, Sarr O, Sarr M, Cisse MF, Garnier P, Wone I. Cathy Wong is a nutritionist and wellness expert. Chadare FJ, Linnemann AR, Hounhouigan JD, Nout MJ, Van Boekel MA. How Cranberries Can Help Different Health Conditions. Baobab oil is made from the fruit seeds which are extracted and dried in the sun. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Copyright © 2015 Hainan Medical University. Adansonia digitatastem bark extract is been used in the treatment of stomach upset, diarrhoea, dysentery, antioxidant, antimaleria, antiinflammation. To purchase Adansonia digitata as a remedy, please contact your homeopathic pharmacy. Often marketed as a "superfruit," baobab is typically touted as a rich source of antioxidants. Due to a lack of supporting research, it's too soon to recommend baobab for any health-related purpose. Species digitata means hand-shaped and refers to the shape of the leaves. The plants main feature is known to be the largest succulent in the world. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Her work is regularly featured in media such as First For Women, Woman's World, and Natural Health. Chemical and nutrient analysis of baobab (Adansonia digitata) fruit and seed protein solubility. Adansonia is a genus made up of eight species of medium to large deciduous trees known as baobabs (/ ˈ b eɪ oʊ ˌ b æ b /).Previously classified within the family Bombacaceae, they are now placed in the Malvaceae.They are native to Madagascar, mainland Africa and Australia. The baobab used to belong to the family, Bombacaceae, but this is now generally regarded as a … Shukla YN, Dubey S, Jain SP, Kumar S. Chemistry, biology and uses of Adansonia digitata -a review. Food as medicines and medicines as food Dakar Med. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) is a multi-purpose tree species native to Africa. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. Baobab [Adansonia digitata] Other names include boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. Baobab is a multi-purpose tree which offers protection and provides food, clothing and medicine as well as raw material for many useful items. Spreng. Its flowers, seeds, bark, and roots are collectively credited to treat malaria, dysentery, diarrhea, asthma, fever, inflammation, among other ailments. Mulaudzi RB, Ndhlala AR, Kulkarni MG, et al. Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) is commonly known as baobab tree native to Africa. 2009 Mar;49(3):254-74. Usually solitary individuals surviving well in dry climates and tolerating fire. Arno Kroner, DAOM, LAc, is a board-certified acupuncturist, herbalist, and integrative medicine doctor practicing in Santa Monica, California. In traditional African medicine, baobab fruit is used to treat a number of illnesses (including asthma, fever, diarrhea, malaria, and smallpox). Trees have also been introduced to other regions such as Asia. Keep in mind that supplements haven't been tested for safety and due to the fact that dietary supplements are largely unregulated, the content of some products may differ from what is specified on the product label. 2004 Winter;59(1):29-33. Adansonia Digitata is also commonly known as Baobab. USEFUL PART(s): Leaves, fruit pulp, bark GENERAL USE(s): The leaves are use as animal feed and pasture for ruminant animal. In recent years, manufacturers have begun adding baobab fruit to juices, energy drinks, energy bars, and dietary supplements. A semi-fluid gum obtained from baobab bark is used to treat sore throat (FAO, 1988). Adansonia digitata commonly known as baobab is the most widespread of the Adansonia species on the African continent, found in the hot, dry savannahs of sub-Saharan Africa. Adansonia baobab Linnaeus; Adansonia digitata var. Fruit pulp is edible and juice can be made from it. Furthermore, the fruit and leaves can be eaten as a good source of vitamin C, as well as the seeds and flowers for protein (FAO). Adansonia digitata are large deciduous trees with a large thick trunk (possibly the thickest in the world) that is thick-boled (bottle-shaped) reach a diameter of 10-14 m (33-46 ft). Traditional Medicinal Uses of Adansonia digitata Indications: Administered to people only. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. To increase your intake of antioxidants, try including antioxidant-rich foods like berries, dark, leafy greens and other vibrantly colored fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Adansonia scutula Steud. In an earlier report (published in Plant Foods for Human Nutrition in 2004), scientists determined that baobab fruit contains significant amounts of essential minerals (including calcium, potassium, and magnesium). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. Osman MA. Additionally, baobab fruit is sometimes used as an ingredient in skincare, hair-care, and body-care products. NAME: Adansonia digitata FAMILY: Bombacaceae COMMON NAMES: Baobab, monkey-bread tree, upside-down tree, cream of tartar tree. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. You can get tips on using supplements. Maintains Healthy Blood Sugar Levels. Applied in a magical sense. All Baobabs are deciduous trees ranging in height from 5 to 20 meters. Adansonia digitata (African baobab) ‘Baobab’ 1989 Proving of Adansonia digitata and materia medica available to buy as a downloadable pdf file. To date, very few scientific studies have tested the potential health benefits of baobab fruit. Adansonia scutula Steud. The fruit pulp have very high vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates, fibers, potassium, proteins and lipids content, which can be used in seasoning as an appetizer and also make juices. Traditionally, in many countries, various parts of the Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) tree have been used in the treatment of many clinical ailments including diarrhea and dysentery.The phytochemical screening has indicated that the leaf extract of A. digitata contains flavonoids, saponins, mucilage, steroids, and alkaloids. The plant parts are used to treat various ailments such as diarrhoea, malaria and microbial infections [ 4 ]. What Is Glutathione and What Are the Benefits? Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Baobab trees produce fruit with a powdery pulp found to contain high amounts of vitamin C. Often consumed as a food or added to beverages, baobab fruit is sometimes used for medicinal purposes. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. LOCAL NAMES: Ose, Igi-ose, kukaa, kulambali, Gorakh-imli. Spreng. Young leaves eaten in soup, and as a pot herb. The bark produces strong fibers used in … J Medi Arom Plant Sci 2001; 23: 429-34. Adansonia situla (Lour.) The plants main feature are the thick tree-like stems. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. The fruit pulp, seeds, leaves, flowers, roots, and bark of baobab are edible and they have been studied by scientists for their useful properties. Baobab is now considered an autotetraploid that has undergone aneuploid reduction from 4x = 176 to 2n = 160. "Baobab Food Products: a Review on Their Composition and Nutritional Value." congolensis A. Chev. Looking at data on the nutritional properties of baobab, the report's authors found that baobab fruit is rich in antioxidants, including vitamin C. However, since little is known about how efficiently the human body can absorb the antioxidants found in baobab fruit, the report's authors call for more research on the health effects of consuming baobab. The available research includes a 2009 report published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. Seeds eaten as food and mixed with millet (Panicum miliaceum) to produce a thin gruel. Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Research shows that baobab seeds are rich in essential fatty acids (such as linoleic acid) that may help improve the skin. Acid pulp of fruit used by some pastoral tribes to curdle milk in the manufacture of kwatakwari. Baobab fruit contains fructose, a low glycemic index type of … In tree: Trees of special interest …ground) are held by the baobab (Adansonia digitata) of Africa and the Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum).The baobab attains a maximum height of about 23 metres (75 feet); its barrel-shaped trunk attains a diameter of more than 5 metres (16 feet), but a few individuals range from 7.7 to… Adansonia digitata L. is a tree commonly called Baoba tree which is a native of African savannah widely distributed in arid zones of Sahara. Ophelus sitularius Lour. F. 14-2(SC)/2010 (SA-III)]. Adansonia species Adansonia digitata Name Synonyms Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia baobab Gaert. Phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of flavonoids, phytosterols, amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. While baobab is generally considered safe, little is known about the safety of long-term use of supplements containing baobab. This study was carried out to investigate the native uses and nutritional content (peoximate composition and minerals profile) of the leaf, pulp and seed of A. digitata L. (Baoba). It is called “ K alp v riksh a ” in India and has mythological significance in India and elsewhere. Adansonia situla (Lour.) Some proponents claim that, due to their antioxidant content, products made with baobab fruit can help slow the aging process and protect against major illnesses like heart disease and cancer. Adansonia bahobab L.. Adansonia baobab Gaertn.. Adansonia integrifolia Raf.. Adansonia scutula Steud.. Adansonia situla Spreng.. Adansonia somalensis Chiov.. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A.Chev.. Adansonia sulcata A.Chev.. Baobabus digitata Kuntze. The Baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. For instance, baobab is sometimes said to contain greater amounts of vitamin C than oranges and other citrus fruits. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits, Edible Leaves, Edible Seeds, Edible Roots) Furthermore, a lot of ancient cultures have mixed Adansonia Digitata seed oil in medicines that have been used to help people recover from a wide variety of ailments. J Ethnopharmacol 2011;135:330-7. Seeds contain appreciable quantities of phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, sodium, iron, manganese, whereas they have high levels of lysine, thiamine, calcium and iron. Baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a tree native to certain tropical regions in Africa, including South Africa, Botswana, and Mozambique. In addition, personal-care products containing baobab oil are available in some specialty-beauty shops. The name Adansonia was given to this tree to commemorate the French surgeon Michel Adanson (1727-1806); the species name digitata meaning hand-like, is in reference to the shape of the leaves. Adansonia integrifolia Raf. Can Ivy Gourd Treat Diabetes and High Cholesterol? Growth and development The Baobab (Adansonia digitata L., Malvaceae) tree, which has been used extensively as a source of food, fibre and medicine, is commonly referred to as “arbre a palabre”, meaning the place in the village where the elders meet to resolve problems (Kamatou et al., 2011). We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. congolensis A.Chev. View abstract. The leaves are mostly green to … Inaccurate counts are common in the Bombacaceae because the chromosomes are small and numerous. Adansonia sphaerocarpa A. Chev. Antimicrobial properties and phenolic contents of medicinal plants used by the Venda people for conditions related to venereal diseases. Baobabus digitata (L.) Kuntze; Ophelus sitularius Lour. A crisis of survival and is generally known as the plant matures you can expect it to reach to. Raw material for many useful items as a rich source of antioxidants //doi.org/10.1016/S2221-1691! 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Shape of the leaves an endangered species in the manufacture of kwatakwari are used to treat throat... Dried in the world Chemistry, biology and Uses of Adansonia digitata name Synonyms Adansonia bahobab L. Adansonia Gaert.