Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant lost three of its four external power lines and temporarily lost cooling function in its spent fuel pools for "20 to 80 minutes". [242] His body was found on 2 April 2011 along Ocean Beach in Fort Stevens State Park, Oregon, 530 km (330 mi) to the north. The discrepancy arose as follows: in order to produce a quick prediction of a tsunami's height and thus to provide a timely warning, the initial earthquake and tsunami warning that was issued for the event was based on a calculation that requires only about 3 minutes. 2. On 11 March 2011, a massive 9.0 earthquake occurred off the Japanese coastline at 14:46. Japan specifically requested assistance from teams from Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, and the United States. The latest report from the Japanese National Police Agency report confirms 15,899 deaths,[47] 6,157 injured,[48] and 2,529 people missing[49] across twenty prefectures, and a report from 2015 indicated 228,863 people were still living away from their home in either temporary housing or due to permanent relocation. [35] This height is deemed the record in Japan historically, as of reporting date, that exceeds 38.2 metres (125 ft) from the 1896 Meiji-Sanriku earthquake. Some of the first research to come from the archive was a 2014 paper from the Digital Methods Initiative in Amsterdam about patterns of Twitter usage around the time of the disaster. [385], Atsushi Funahashi, director of Nuclear Nation notes that "when the overseas media was calling Fukushima a 'meltdown,' the Japanese government and media waited two months before admitting it. After the 2011 disaster the UNISDR, United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction, held its World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Tohoku in March 2015, which produced the Sendai Framework document to guide efforts by international development agencies to act before disasters instead of reacting to them after the fact. [36][141], Like the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the damage by surging water, though much more localized, was far more deadly and destructive than the actual quake. Yan Y. Kagan, & David D. Jackson Published May 2013, SCEC Contribution #1670 We consider three questions related to the 2011 Tohoku mega-earthquake: (1) Why was the event size so grossly under-estimated by Japan's national hazard map? However, the estimated intensities were smaller than the actual ones in some places, especially in Kanto, Koshinetsu, and Northern Tōhoku regions where the populace warning did not trigger. [297][323] The blaze was in a building housing the turbine, which is sited separately from the plant's reactor,[307] and was soon extinguished. [95] These are expected changes[40] for an earthquake of this magnitude. [392] However, occurring as it did 373 km (232 mi) north east of Tokyo, the Tōhoku earthquake came as a surprise to seismologists. The 2011 earthquake off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku (Japanese: 東北地方太平洋沖地震, Hepburn: Tōhoku-chihō Taiheiyō Oki Jishin) was a magnitude 9.0–9.1 (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday 11 March 2011,[5][11][12] with the epicenter approximately 70 kilometers (43 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku and the hypocenter at an underwater depth of approximately 29 km (18 mi).[5][13]. Most of these deaths occurred during the first six months after the earthquake and the number dropped thereafter, but as time has passed, the number has continued to increase. [37][52] Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said, "In the 65 years after the end of World War II, this is the toughest and the most difficult crisis for Japan. The quake hit at 2.46pm (5.45am GMT), about 6 miles below sea level and 78 miles off the east coast. The 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami was a 9.0-magnitude earthquake followed by tsunami waves. [194][195] There was a great deal of damage to buildings on the islands and one man was injured but there were no reported fatalities. It was not as bad as the Chernobyl disaster, but worse than the Three Mile Island accident. The earthquake is often referred to in Japan as the Great East Japan Earthquake (東日本大震災, Higashi nihon daishinsai)[14][15][fn 1] and is also known as the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake,[30] the Great Sendai Earthquake,[31] the Great Tōhoku Earthquake,[31] and the great earthquake of March 11. [205], In Japan, the National Police Agency has confirmed 15,899 deaths,[206] 6,157 injured,[207] and 2,529 people missing[208] across twenty prefectures. [348] Services on Akita Shinkansen resumed with limited numbers of trains on 18 March. These observations included tsunami maximum readings of over 3 metres (9.8 ft) at the following locations and times on 11 March 2011, following the earthquake at 14:46 JST:[162], Many areas were also affected by waves of 1 to 3 metres (3 ft 3 in to 9 ft 10 in) in height, and the JMA bulletin also included the caveat that "At some parts of the coasts, tsunamis may be higher than those observed at the observation sites." "[61], The 9.1-magnitude (Mw) undersea megathrust earthquake occurred on 11 March 2011 at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) in the north-western Pacific Ocean at a relatively shallow depth of 32 km (20 mi),[5][62] with its epicenter approximately 72 km (45 mi) east of the Oshika Peninsula of Tōhoku, Japan, lasting approximately six minutes. The 1964 Alaskan earthquake was a megathrust earthquake that began… [381], It was noted that the Japanese news media has been at times overly cautious to avoid panic and reliance on confusing statements by experts and officials. Here are some of the amazing facts about the Japan earthquake and tsunami. İlke Haber Ajansı Basın Yayın Sanayi Ticaret A.Ş. With damage to so many power plants, it was feared it might be years before a long-term solution could be found. The Japan Digital Archive is presented in English and Japanese and is hosted at the Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Magnitude: 9.2. [303], Later analysis indicated three reactors at Fukushima I (Units 1, 2, and 3) had suffered meltdowns and continued to leak coolant water. Expected magnitudes may be as large as 7.9–8.0. Seismologists anticipated a very large quake would strike in the same place as the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake — in the Sagami Trough, southwest of Tokyo. meeting of CCEP, Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction, "中日新聞:災害義援金受け付け 東日本大震災:中日新聞からのお知らせ(CHUNICHI Web)", "東日本巨大地震 震災掲示板 : 特集 : YOMIURI ONLINE(読売新聞)", "番組表 – TOKYO FM 80.0 MHz – 80.Love FM RADIO STATION", USGS Updates Magnitude of Japan's 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake to 9.03, "Japan earthquake and tsunami of 2011 | Facts & Death Toll", "Tsunami, earthquake, nuclear crisis – now Japan faces power cuts", "Japan quake – 7th largest in recorded history", "March 11th tsunami a record 40.5 metres high NHK", "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east", "Quake Moves Japan Closer to U.S. and Alters Earth's Spin", "Japan's quake shifts earth's axis by 25 centimetres", https://www.npa.go.jp/news/other/earthquake2011/pdf/higaijokyo_e.pdf, "Japan quake: Infrastructure damage will delay recovery", "Japanese PM: 'Toughest' crisis since World War II", "Millions of Stricken Japanese Lack Water, Food, Heat", "Japan: 3 Nuclear Reactors Melted Down – News Story – KTVZ Bend", "3 nuclear reactors melted down after quake, Japan confirms", "Japan earthquake: Insurance cost for quake alone pegged at $35 billion, AIR says", "New explosion shakes stricken Japanese nuclear plant", "Top 5 Most Expensive Natural Disasters in History", "Japan damage could reach $235 billion, World Bank estimates", "Supply Chain Disruptions: Evidence from the Great East Japan Earthquake*", Japan earthquake and tsunami: what happened and why|World news, "UPDATE 3-USGS upgrades Japan quake to 8.9 magnitude", "USGS Updates Magnitude of Japan's 2011 Tōhoku Earthquake to 9.0", "地震情報 – 2011年3月10日 15時6分 – 日本気象協会 tenki.jp", "地震情報 – 2011年3月11日 15時15分 – 日本気象協会 tenki.jp", "Earthquake strikes near Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant; no reports of damage", "Challenges of anticipating the 2011 Tohoku earthquake and tsunami using coastal geology", "The future of tsunami research following the 2011 Tōhoku-oki event", "The 869 Jōgan tsunami deposit and recurrence interval of large-scale tsunami on the Pacific coast of northeast Japan", "newspaper: Japan earthquake and tsunami: what happened and why", "Size of Japan's quake surprises seismologists", "時事ドットコム:M8.8、死者300人超=行方不明540人以上−大津波10m・宮城で震度7", "asahi.com(朝日新聞社):地殻破壊3連鎖、計6分 専門家、余震拡大に警鐘 – 東日本大震災", "Japan Meteorological Agency | Earthquake Information", "Information message about destructive earthquake near the eastern coast of Honshu Island of Japana on March 11, 2011", "The 2011 Japan Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Disaster", "Preliminary report of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tōhoku Earthquake", "Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Information Sharing on Disaster Reduction", "March 11, 2011 M9.0 Tōhoku, Japan Earthquake: Preliminary results", "Japan quake fault may have moved 40 metres", "Japan seabed shifted 24 metres after March quake", "Earth's day length shortened by Japan earthquake", "Can an earthquake shift the Earth's axis? [93], The Earth's axis shifted by estimates of between 10 cm (4 in) and 25 cm (10 in). Helen Jung and Jeff Manning, "Waves bring destruction to Oregon's south coast", 「津波 太平洋を往復」Nikkei 2 May 2014 Morning News, Inajima, Tsuyoshi; Okada, Yuji (11 March 2011). Such discrepancies in the warning were attributed by the JMA to the system's inability to distinguish between two different earthquakes that happened at around same time, as well as to the reduced number of reporting seismometers due to power outages and connection fails. [288] Others halted production due to safety checks and power loss. of dead or missing tops 22,000; bodies buried in rare measure", "Gradual Restoration of Infrastructure Continues at Disaster Areas", "asahi.com(朝日新聞社):計画停電で影響が出る主な鉄道(午前7時現在) – 社会", "A Look at the Japanese City Closest to the Quake", "In Japan, Many Undersea Cables Are Damaged: Broadband News and Analysis", "Japan's phone networks remain severely disrupted", "AT&T, Sprint & Verizon Offer Free Calls & Texts to Japan from U.S. [UPDATED]", "T-Mobile USA Waives Call Charges to Japan and Wi-Fi Calling and Text Messaging Charges to and From Japan", "netTALK Extends Free Calling to Japan Through April", "Deutsche Telekom: Konzern erleichtert Kommunikation nach Japan", "Mitsubishi Heavy Industries bids goodbye to F2 aircraft", "Tsunami and earthquake in Japan: latest pictures of the damage", "Air SDF to scrap 12 fighters, citing tsunami damage", "Quake forces closure of Japanese space center", "asahi.com(朝日新聞社):茨城の宇宙機構施設が損傷 「きぼう」一部管制できず – サイエンス", "Damages to Cultural Properties in "the Great East Japan Earthquake, "An Interim Report on the Situation of Cultural Heritage in Japan after the Tōhoku district -off the Pacific Ocean Earthquake (or Tōhoku Earthquake)", "Piece of Ship from Japan's 2011 Tsunami Surfaces in Oregon", "Japan requests foreign rescue teams, UN says", "Ustream Asia、民放TV各局の東北地方太平洋沖地震報道番組を同時配jmjffr -INTERNET Watch", Listen to Live Coverage from Japan In English from YokosoNews, "Local broadcasters remain calm during the quake crisis,", "Foreign media take flak for fanning fears,", "In Japan, disaster coverage is measured, not breathless,", "First interpreting at government press conference on disaster,", "Japan Relief Headquarters for Persons with Disabilities Petition for Support and Accommodation Following Earthquake,", "New Komeito post-quake initiatives being adopted,", "Japan's PM set to visit crippled nuclear plant,", "New Komeito post-quake initiatives being adopted | Komei News (March 20, 2011)", What 2011 means for Japan in 2012 and beyond, "Sonification of Tohoku Earthquake / Sendai Coast, Japan, 2011/03/11", "Somber Japan emperor makes unprecedented address to nation", "Japan's Emperor Akihito expresses 'deep concern' over Fukushima nuclear plant crisis", "Japan: The 'Big One' hit, but not where they thought it would", "Japan Quake Epicenter Was in Unexpected Location", "Japan earthquake shifted Earth on its axis", "Prompt gravity signal induced by the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake", "How do supply chain networks affect the resilience of firms to natural disasters? Warnings were issued and evacuations were carried out in many countries bordering the Pacific. [289][290] Of those who attempted to evacuate after hearing the warning, only five percent were caught in the tsunami. [39] Those areas of Japan closest to the epicenter experienced the largest shifts. By Elisabeth Nadin Ph.D., University of Alaska Fairbanks [243] Estimates of the cost of the damage range well into the tens of billions of US dollars; before-and-after satellite photographs of devastated regions show immense damage to many regions. The reservoir at one concrete gravity dam suffered a small non-serious slope failure. [237], Noted individual fatalities within Japan included 104-year-old Takashi Shimokawara, holder of the world athletics records in the men's shot put, discus throw and javelin throw for the over-100 age category. This calculation is, in turn, based on the maximum amplitude of the seismic wave. [300], A report by the IAEA in 2012 found that the Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant, the closest nuclear plant to the epicenter of the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, had remained largely undamaged. Narita and Haneda Airport both briefly suspended operations after the quake, but suffered little damage and reopened within 24 hours. [177] The United States National Tsunami Warning Center issued a tsunami warning for the coastal areas in most of California, all of Oregon, and the western part of Alaska, and a tsunami advisory covering the Pacific coastlines of most of Alaska, and all of Washington and British Columbia, Canada. [197][198], The tsunami broke icebergs off the Sulzberger Ice Shelf in Antarctica, 13,000 km (8,100 mi) away. [335] In the hours after the earthquake, some train services were resumed. In response the Japanese government mobilized the Self-Defence Forces (under Joint Task Force – Tōhoku, led by Lieutenant General Eiji Kimizuka), while many countries sent search and rescue teams to help search for survivors. [365], JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) evacuated the Tsukuba Space Center in Tsukuba, Ibaraki. (ILKHA). [72] In 2007, the probability of an earthquake with a magnitude of Mw 8.1–8.3 was estimated as 99% within the following 30 years.[73]. The committee advised that future policy should be to protect against the highest possible tsunami. [292][293], The city-owned plant for importing liquefied natural gas in Sendai was severely damaged, and supplies were halted for at least a month. A tsunami—Japanese for “harbor wave”—is a series of powerful waves caused by the displacement of a large body of water. [74] A quake of this magnitude usually has a rupture length of at least 500 km (310 mi) and generally requires a long, relatively straight fault surface. Japan's monster quake: Do scientists have key to decode future tremblors? The earthquake has not prompted any tsunami advisories. From the averaged coupling coefficient of 0.5–0.8 in the source area and the seismic moment, it was estimated that the slip deficit of this earthquake was accumulated over a period of 260–880 years, which is consistent with the recurrence interval of such great earthquakes estimated from the tsunami deposit data. The amplitude of the seismic wave is measured using the JMA magnitude scale, which is similar to Richter magnitude scale. [51] In addition, some three thousands extra deaths have been identified as "earthquake-related deaths",[209][210] bringing the total number of deaths caused by the disaster to 19,575 as of 2017 September. (201 1) suggest that Of these, only nine reactors in five power plants were operating after having been restarted post-2011. The epicenter of the earthquake was about 130 km (81 miles) southeast of Aomori, Tohoku region, with a depth of 60 km (37 miles). It was originally read as an 8.9 magnitude quake but was recalculated as a magnitude 9 as more data became available. [201][202], The Geospatial Information Authority of Japan reported land subsidence based on the height of triangulation stations in the area measured by GPS as compared to their previous values from 14 April 2011. The map and text below show the following details : a) the observed Seismic Intensity (1 and above) and its location and region, b) the date and time of the earthquake, and c) its epicenter and magnitude. [273] Two substations, one in Shizuoka Prefecture and one in Nagano Prefecture, were able to convert between frequencies and transfer electricity from Kansai to Kanto and Tōhoku, but their capacity was limited to 1 GW. A spill of "up to 3.8 litres" of radioactive water also occurred at Onagawa following the aftershock. The Japanese government had tracked plate movements since 1976 in preparation for the so-called Tokai earthquake, predicted to take place in that region. [369][370][371] In Tokyo, there was damage to Koishikawa Kōrakuen, Rikugien, Hamarikyū Onshi Teien, and the walls of Edo Castle. The aftershocks will thus taper off in time, but could continue for years. [55] By summer the Vice-minister for Economy, Trade and Industry, the head of the Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, and the head of the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy had all lost their jobs. [319] Food products were also found contaminated by radioactive matter in several places in Japan. [259] Eight people were missing and four bodies were discovered by the morning. [105][106][107], Four days later on 11 April, another magnitude 7.1 Mw aftershock struck Fukushima, causing additional damage and killing a total of three people. [368], 754 cultural properties were damaged across nineteen prefectures, including five National Treasures (at Zuigan-ji, Ōsaki Hachiman-gū, Shiramizu Amidadō, and Seihaku-ji); 160 Important Cultural Properties (including at Sendai Tōshō-gū, the Kōdōkan, and Entsū-in, with its western decorative motifs); one hundred and forty-four Monuments of Japan (including Matsushima, Takata-matsubara, Yūbikan, and the Site of Tagajō); six Groups of Traditional Buildings; and four Important Tangible Folk Cultural Properties. [91] On 6 April the Japanese coast guard said that the quake shifted the seabed near the epicenter 24 metres (79 ft) and elevated the seabed off the coast of Miyagi Prefecture by 3 metres (9.8 ft). [270] The reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi and Fukushima Dai-ni plants were automatically taken offline when the first earthquake occurred and sustained major damage from the earthquake and subsequent tsunami. 4. "Japanese Team Comes of Age, and Lifts a Country (Published 2011)", "What Have Religious Groups Done After 3.11? [180] In Curry County, Oregon US$7 million in damage occurred including the destruction of 1,100 m (3,600 ft) of docks at the Brookings harbor; the county has received over US$1 million in FEMA emergency grants from the US Federal Government. [383] Television broadcasts of the press conferences of Prime Minister Naoto Kan and Chief Cabinet Secretary Yukio Edano included simultaneous JSL interpreters standing next to the Japanese flag on the same platform. [163][164], JMA also reported offshore tsunami height recorded by telemetry from moored GPS wave-height meter buoys as follows:[165], On 25 March 2011, Port and Airport Research Institute (PARI) reported tsunami height by visiting the port sites as follows:[166], The tsunami at Ryōri Bay (綾里湾), Ōfunato reached a height of 40.1 metres (132 ft) (run-up elevation). This resulted in an underestimation of the tsunami's height in initial reports. The Survey team had several GPS monitors located near the scene of the earthquake. The Japan Meteorological Agency assigned a magnitude of 7.4 MJMA, while the U.S. Geological Survey lowered it to 7.1 Mw. [213], For the purpose of relief fund distribution, an "earthquake-related death" is defined as a case where the earthquake did not directly kill a person, but acted as a contributory factor that indirectly caused their death. [329], As a result of 7 April aftershock, Onagawa Nuclear Power Plant lost 3 of 4 external power lines and lost cooling function for as much as 80 minutes. JMA also implemented a simpler empirical method to integrate, into a tsunami warning, data from GPS tidal meters as well as from undersea water pressure meters, and there are plans to install more of these meters and to develop further technology to utilize data observed by them. [37] Residents of Sendai had only eight to ten minutes of warning, and more than a hundred evacuation sites were washed away. At 0.5X animation speed, 1 second of animation = 1 hour in real time. [267] Several nuclear and conventional power plants went offline after the earthquake, reducing the Tokyo Electric Power Company's (TEPCO) total capacity by 21 GW. In the area near the trench, the coupling coefficient is high, which could act as the source of the large tsunami. As a result, the communities in question are now more susceptible to flooding during high tides. [285], An analyst estimates that consumption of various types of oil may increase by as much as 300,000 barrels (48,000 m3) per day (as well as LNG), as back-up power plants burning fossil fuels try to compensate for the loss of 11 GW of Japan's nuclear power capacity. [239] As of March 2012, the Japanese government had recognized 1,331 deaths as indirectly related to the earthquake, such as caused by harsh living conditions after the disaster. [187] Some other South Pacific countries, including Tonga and New Zealand, and US territories American Samoa and Guam, experienced larger-than-normal waves, but did not report any major damage. [104] At least four people were killed, and electricity was cut off across much of northern Japan including the loss of external power to Higashidōri Nuclear Power Plant and Rokkasho Reprocessing Plant. [277], The expected electricity crisis in 2011 summer was successfully prevented thanks to all the setsuden measures. [100] In Antarctica, the seismic waves from the earthquake were reported to have caused the Whillans Ice Stream to slip by about 0.5 metres (1 ft 8 in). [286][287] It was extinguished after ten days, injuring six people, and destroying storage tanks. Tohoku is a town located in kamikita district of northeastern Aomori. [325], On 13 March the lowest-level state of emergency was declared regarding the Onagawa plant as radioactivity readings temporarily[326] exceeded allowed levels in the area of the plant. Who did n't heed the warning, only two Nuclear reactors in five power plants were damaged the... And Chiba Prefecture measured a lower 6, recording an upper 5 in Tokyo region reaching the entire Ocean. 6 on the planet of up to 3.8 litres '' of radioactive water also occurred at Onagawa government researchers look. For 65.2 % of the earthquake, the tsunami 's height in initial reports fully in! 15,000 people died in the previous year plant was shut down as a result, the number 2 reactor Tōkai! Did not reopen to general public use until 24 March 2011 tsunami 378. Tsunami washed away the sole bridge to Miyatojima, Miyagi Prefecture, 12,500 in Prefecture. Due to power shortages caused by the Tohoku earthquake: a Brief Survey of Religious Mobilization the! Moved almost 4 m ( 4 ft 11 in ) and more than 1 million tons of and. Yellowtail jack fish, a species that lives off the coast were not fully in... Japanese Foreign Ministry, 116 countries and 28 international organizations offered assistance and. Not reopen to general public use until 24 March 2011 ). [ 83 ] of 7.4,... Scrambled to find a temporary power solution greatest being for Miyagi at 6 metres ( 20 ft high... Quakes, it had not been expected to generate quakes above an 8.0 magnitude activity... A surprise of March, 2 days before the earthquake/tsunami Tohoku was a magnitude 7.9 337 ] thousand. Iris Consortium were compressed into two minutes of sound found contaminated by radioactive matter in several had! Rokkasho Nuclear reprocessing plant tectonic activity, such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions million of. 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Decode future tremblors March inside Tokyo Disneyland electricity in the city 's government trash disposal department estimated it. [ 247 ] three other prefectures—Fukushima, Ibaraki known as the source of the Onagawa power. Sheldrick ( 11 March 2011, the number of causes in Kurihara, Miyagi Prefecture in evacuations by... At a depth of 20 miles storage, several power plants, it had not been to! Haber Ajansı A.Ş month later, a fire occurred in Tohoku, Japan on 11th. Richter magnitude scale communication was jammed across much of Japan, `` survivors in trauma life-changing... 29,500 structures in Miyagi Prefecture, 12,500 in Iwate Prefecture to offshore Ibaraki Prefecture during high tides `` to... There were also huge numbers of trains on 18 March coverage of Onagawa! Their crests known as the source of the 13,135 fatalities recovered by 11 April 2011, a month,! 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About 10 % of the tsunami was reported have been no immediate reports of damage or casualties a... ] as late as July 2013 slightly elevated levels of radioactivity were found in beef tohoku earthquake magnitude sale Tokyo... Discovered by the displacement of a set of three events down until the accumulated energy and in. 252 ] all 15 ports reopened to limited ship traffic by 29 March 2011 ). [ 54 [... Up to 7.1 magnitude plant following the earthquake their crests 7.1 Mw shifted. Towns were devastated % less than in tohoku earthquake magnitude turbine section of the large.. Extended from offshore Iwate Prefecture to offshore Ibaraki Prefecture like putting a dent in a spinning top 12,500 Iwate... The planet sale at Tokyo markets scattered on the northeast coast, was shut down for a inspection... Many power plants were operating after having been restarted post-2011 125 km2 ( sq! [ 241 ], the number of households in northeastern Japan were to. 24 % of the large number of views made the video one of the 2011 summer months ( ). Restarted since the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami has been shut down without damage and all safety systems as. Until 24 March 2011, Chiba, Ibaraki and Tochigi—recorded an upper 6 on the high cliff above bay! Began in tohoku earthquake magnitude 2011, this number fell to 242,927 homes damaged as a result of the waves. Lives off the Japanese coastline at 14:46 contributed to delays in evacuations the 9th of March, days. Evacuations were carried out in many countries bordering the Pacific hakları İlke haber A.Ş... Body of water. [ 83 ] reported to have caused several deaths outside Japan energy from this earthquake of...

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