3. The compressed encrypted audio file is therefore embedded in the appropriate frame of the converted audio signal based on the histogram values using low-bit encoding scheme. Furthermore, heavy investments must be deployed to boost the capacities of relevant institutions. The rapid diffusion and penetration of the internet, as well as the processes of digitization of economic activities, have been the major catalysts. E-commerce often suffers an attack from a group or an individual who sends an email, which can be under the shroud of a customer or a trusted employee. •Provide a general overview relating to e-commerce crime issues. caused in relation to/arising out of the use of the content. Internet medium positively and significantly impact consumers‘ e. and are concerned about the vulnerabilities and threats associated with Internet purchases. steal intellectual property, damage an organisation’s reputation, or bring e-commerce (or an entire business) to a halt. The UNCTAD Global Cyberlaw Tracker is the first ever global mapping of cyberlaws. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1108/09685220010372564. Available at: https://doi.org/10.25300/misq/2014/38.2.04. Therefore, the security of network architecture became the biggest threat to the future of ecommerce platforms (Richard, The aim of this project is to investigate cyber security vulnerabilities in computer systems and propose defined solutions depicts the behavioral pattern of e-commerce users with regards to their perception of cyber-crime. technologies. This study integrates the fraud triangle (FT) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to gain a better understanding of fraud cases. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1037//1040-3590.7.3.309. This study extends this literature by exploring the role of ecommerce institutional mechanisms in the online repurchase context. E Commerce involves transferring a large amount of sensitive data such as private customer's information or financial information. vol. of the company by 30%. In some cases, this purpose is criminal in nature, like completing fraudulent transactions with stolen credit information. Technological development is inevitable due to rapidly growing population and changing business environment. As this book amply demonstrates, the criminal law has well and truly arrived in cyberspace. In order to solve this problem, enhance data security and protect valuable data, a blockchain database management system is proposed. world standards. Prior research indicates that millions of dollars are lost annually due to this menace. 1-9, 2008. 389-419, 2008. Some are accidental, some are purposeful, and some of them are due to human error. Read on to learn the latest news of the sphere and stay protected online. Information security in this era has become very necessary for many aspects of life. University of Science and Technology, Ghana. E-Commerce especially E-Payment in the light of prevailing trend in the cyber-crimes poses a challenge for all. The proposed system addresses the issue by introducing blockchain nodes concept into the database and inheriting data secureness of distributed peer to peer connection. Before developing an e-commerce site a registered domain and a registered trademark should be established. This document provides key points on a framework for an e-commerce crime and vandalism defence plan. Multicollinearity Testing using Variance Inflation Factor (VIF) Values. Competitiveness today doesn’t depend only on price but also on customer service and delivery time. 37-59, 2004. transactions, this study will inform future studies on the relationships between the constructs studied. Modeling (PLS-SEM). Moreover, due to required high capital investments multinational companies can monopolize the industry, leaving small and medium enterprises (SMEs) behind. It tracks the state of e-commerce legislation in the field of e-transactions, consumer protection, data protection/privacy and cybercrime adoption in the 194 UNCTAD member states. 8, pp. vol. Specifically, this study introduces a key moderator, perceived effectiveness of e-commerce institutional mechanisms (PEEIM), to the relationships between trust, satisfaction, and repurchase intention. All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study. Retailers tracking shopper device/platform should also track if the device is jailbroken or rooted. The case of DHL included in this study has been selected to present potentials which e-logistics have on creating a competitive advantage. These jurisdictions were chosen for a number of reasons. Millions of rupees, personal data theft every year from the internet. Considering the upsurge of cyber-crime activities and the paucity of research in this domain, particularly in developing countries, this paper investigated how cyber-crime and trust affect users' intention to conduct business via e-commerce technologies. -550, 2004. Hypothesis three is therefore postulated as follows: relationship between attitude and purchase intention include. Various e-commerce platforms are conducting activities to attract spending for the Singles Day shopping spree on Nov 11, so launching the campaign can be a deterrent against irregularities, she said. Drawing on the theory of organizational trust, and based on a survey of 362 returning online customers, we find that PEEIM negatively moderates the relationship between trust in an online vendor and online customer repurchase intention, as it decreases the importance of trust to promoting repurchase behavior. and consumers e-commerce purchase intention. Conclusions: Customer experience, new entrants, technology collaboration vs. competition are major characteristics of the new trend and logistics service providers will need to adapt to these changes. The growth of the Internet introduced new ways on how customers receive services and how companies run their operations. This study therefore formulates hypothesis four as follows: „Attitude towards behavior‟ positively influences consumers‟ e, Customers‟ subjective norm positively impacts consumers‟ e, commerce sellers positively impacts consumers‟ attitude towards behavior, commerce consumers‟ attitude towards behavior. In response, InfoSec research has produced many behavioural theories targeted at explaining Information Security Policy (ISP) compliance. The findings provided empirical evidence which contradicts the argument that students perceive social networking sites as an effective tool for learning. The discussion is as a result of the vulnerabilities associated with the use of the Internet and the significant strive computer technology has made in data communication. Academic and practical implications and future research directions are discussed. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The hypothesis 5 is therefore. This article proposes that African countries should create an institutional set-up by which innovative strategies can easily be shared to accelerate and facilitate the development and diffusion of clean technologies. Cybercrime issues across many economies are increasing at a faster rate. E-Commerce Times columnist Peter S. Vogel is a partner at Gardere Wynne Sewell, where he is Chair of the Internet, eCommerce & Technology Team.Peter tries lawsuits and negotiations contract dealing with IT and the Internet. Existing legislations are scattered and cumbersome whereas mandated institutions lack the requisite capacity. Unauthorized access to sensitive information: Hackers can obtain intellectual property and alter it, destroy it, or steal it to sell to a competitor. Therefore, for successful business transactions using the Internet, countries have made significant strive towards the adoption of e-commerce technologies and, notorious computer users continue to take advantage of the vu. Boldface items are significant relationships. There is also the Criminal and Other Offenses (Procedure), ... Due to the reason, cyberattacks grow at an unexpected rate all over the world. In 2016 an insurance company implemented artificial intelligence for insurance pay-out calculations, which increased the productivity. 8, pp. INDIANAPOLIS — A 19-year-old is behind bars accused of orchestrating a pair of armed robberies in Indianapolis. 47, pp. On the other side, we are witnessing new developments in logistics service providers and their transformation. 95, pp. International Journal of Information Management. It. New cellular technologies, web-based networks, community ICT access activities originate from West Africa, particularly, perpetrators. The availability and continued growth of Internet technologies (IT) have created great opportunities for users all over the globe to benefit from IT services and use them in a variety of different ways. In doing so, it responds to the emerging call for understanding the institutional context under which customer trust operates in an e-commerce environment. First, they share a common law heritage. TES3 (Follow acceptable business practices), TES6 (Vendors deliver my purchases on time), CCP2 (Detrimental in e-commerce transaction). hence future analysis could explore other countries. The paper extends the theory of reasoned action with relevant constructs; trust and cyber-crime perceptions. technologies. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.04.008. Prior research indicates that millions of dollars are lost annually due to this menace. 2. and trust of sellers using the Theory of Reasoned Action. The results reveal that counterfeit cashier‘s cheque w, experienced such incidents. Digital forensics investigation aimed examining cyber crimes evidences. As a result, users’ security behaviour remains crucial in many organizations. It concludes that, though the sector has recorded advancements over the years, the progress has been very slow leaving DFI still at an infant stage. The hypothesis 6 is therefore. © 2019 Conscientia Beam. represents the summary of demographics of the respondents. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1108/13590790810907254. Hypothesis five is there formulated as follows: trust of technology and its influence on attitude towards e-commerce technologies, Hypothesis 7: Trust of the internet medium positively influence e-. businesses. vol. many due to the activities of cyber-crime. vol. Cybercrime is one of biggest problem for the ecommerce industry. The outcome of the study shows that trust of sellers has no significant relationship on the intention to purchase. Existing legislations are scattered and cumbersome whereas mandated institutions lack the requisite capacity. Annotation The upcoming fourth industrial revolutions causes instability in the society and economy. We are witnessing a boom of new technologies, especially in the service sector (IT, Telecommunications, Internet, etc.). This book is intended for anyone who wishes to gain a deeper understanding of the legal principles which are applied to ‘cybercrimes’, whether they be academics, legal practitioners, law enforcement officers or students. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2005.03.003. economic crimes, tax evasion, e-commerce and cyber crimes, money laundering and related unethical business practices. According to the study, the most common types of e-commerce fraud causing concern among merchants are identity theft (71%), phishing (66%) and account theft (63%). Cyber crime has increasingly become a concern in digital space, this proj, The aim of this project is to investigate consumers behaviour towards the acceptance and use of financial technologies including mobile banking and m-commerce Aside from jurisdictional issues, it does not address the law of criminal investigation, procedure or evidence. The findings elucidate businesses and stakeholders on the impacts of trust and cyber-crime perceptions on users' purchase intentions. 133-142, 2009. 407-427, 2014. Methods: Paper has been written based on the analyses of the reviewed literature together with determining potential influence e-logistics and e-SCM have on company’s competitiveness. It indicates whether or not a given country has adopted legislation, or has a draft law pending adoption. However, effect. Climate change and intellectual property rights in Africa: Environmental necessity-economic opportun... Mapping the knowledge evolution and professional network in the field of technology roadmapping: A b... E-logistics and E-SCM: How to Increase Competitiveness, FEATURES OF THE FORTH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION: TAXES CASE. This article investigates how students’ online social networking relationships affect knowledge sharing and how the intensity of knowledge sharing enhances students’ engagement. 309-319, 1995. these countries are applicable to countries where e-commerce is gradually emerging. towards behavior significantly impacted intention to purchase. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. As the concept of TRM continues to gain awareness among scholars and practitioners, the need for further development of TRM related knowledge becomes a vital part of their activities. vol. The term cyber crimes include e-commerce crimes. 71-92, 2003. Phishing is the illegal, online attempt to obtain confidential information for financial gain. Cyber crime, security and digital intelligence, In: MASS 2011: International Conference on. Thus, logistics service providers in the global market are looked at as business partners and the relationship with logistics service company is considered as a partnership. Improved running in one of the previously mentioned areas will create and maintain the company’s competitiveness and as more modern technological tools and solutions will be used, companies will be able to have more benefits. A mobile phone is typically jailbroken or rooted to expand its uses beyond the manufacturer’s intended purpose. All rights reserved. Organizations must ensure the secureness of the data as it contains private information of customers, working staff and transaction records. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Journal of Information Technology Impact. Consistent with the predictions made in the literature, PEEIM does not directly affect trust or repurchase intention. Fear of crime on the online environment also contributes negatively to e-commerce transactions. vol. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The same systems that have made it easier for people to conduct e-commerce and online transactions are … cyber-criminals and that make them cautious during online transactions. . Before practicing law, he was a mainframe programmer and received a Masters in computer science. The use of IT to conduct business online is known as Electronic Commerce (E-Commerce). also shows the significance of path coefficients. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2007.06.006. 275-286, 2008. Therefore, it is potentially important that the professional standards that are related to fraud detection strengthen the emphasis on managers’ behavior that may be associated with unethical behavior. vol. Without technological development, the productivity could not increase and economic prosperity would be impossible. The main aim of the paper is to show that the right logistics service provider in the modern supply chain can help companies to gain and maintain competitiveness and especially by using different modern digital tools in doing business. Finally, the findings for this study are limited to respondents from Ghana hence future analysis could explore other countries. There is a need to streamline existing laws into a comprehensively harmonized legal framework. From the results obtained it can be concluded that, the study achieved higher level of security, payload capacity and robustness. The paper contends to the existence of legislation and mandated institutions. This study applies the bibliometric technique to analyse TRM related journal and conference articles published during 1987 and 2010. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/3468.852434. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2004.08.004. Based on evidence from press articles covering 39 corporate fraud cases that went public during the period 1992–2005, the objective of this article is to examine the role of managers’ behavior in the commitment of the fraud. The importance of security and privacy of data in the field of data communication has been discussed for many years. 4, pp. As a result it attracts cybercriminals who are willing to breach into the system and steal the data. The study experienced negligible level of distortion with high recorded values of SNRseg and low values of BER and MSE. https://www.theguardian.com/money/2006/dec/05/accounts.business1, 2006. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dss.2007.07.001. These findings indicate the necessity for the government to interfere and to present a tax-subsidy scheme, which would stimulate economic growth and would limit the negative consequences of business process automation. These previous studies found a negative association between consu. The paper assesses the effectiveness of legal infrastructure, technical mechanisms, the availability of capacity building programs, organisational infrastructure as well as the existence of cooperation mechanisms among relevant institutions in Ghana. In fact, in the world of cybersecurity things could get far worse before they get better. In this study, a method of audio file protection is proposed using audio steganography, elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), Huffman Code Algorithm and low-bit encoding. Cybercrime ranges across a spectrum of activities. total of 467 responses received, all respondents indicated that they had used e-commerce before. ________________________________________________________________________. At one end are crimes that involve fundamental breaches of personal or corporate privacy, such as assaults on the integrity of information held in digital depositories and the use of illegally obtained digital information to blackmail a firm or individual. It adopts the social capital theory as the basis for investigation, and the partial least square structural equation modeling was used to examine the hypothesized model. Cybercrime incidents continue to plague economic development in the African region. system is negatively influenced by perceived risk and perceived fees. Discriminant Validity Testing with Heterotrait-Monotrait Ratio (HTMT). Owing to the fact, to their disadvantage, they are not likely t. and the p-value is less than 0.005. https://doi.org/10.1177/0735633118787528. Here, credit cards are the most popular target, as a fraudster does not need much to carry out a ‘card not present’ transaction. Based on this premise, the chapter presents arguments founded on synthesis from existing literature. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.im.2007.03.005. https://doi.org/10.1108/10662241111176344. The effects of e-commerce institutional mechanisms on trust and online purchase have traditionally been understood in the initial online purchase context. There is a need to streamline existing laws into a comprehensively harmonized legal framework. Companies that establish e-commerce operations face several security risks, including: 1. In the current days internet connection and relevant services that it provides are essential for the majority of people. 395-410, 2000. commerce transactions. While some of the proposed relationships were significant, others were not so significant. Online sales usually peak on that day, when major e-commerce platforms conduct promotions, including discounts, to boost consumer spending. Phishing and Identity Theft . 30, pp. Such theories are not applicable to students in educational institutions since their psychological orientation with regards to InfoSec is different when compared with employees. 15, pp. The number of cyberattacks increases along with the ecommerce growth and therefore it raises the concern in the secureness of databases of the ecommerce platform. Information Management & Computer Security, Principles and practice of structural equation modelling. social capital theory as the theoretical basis for the investigation and the partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used to examine the hypothesized model. Budapest, 23.XI.2001 are provided by the book. It concludes that, though the sector has recorded advancements over the years, the progress has been very slow leaving DFI still at an infant stage. The hypothesized model explained 33.1% of the variance in Attitude Towards Behavior and 41.5% of Consumers Intention to Purchase. CYBER-CRIME AND ITS EFFECTS ON E-COMMERCE TECHNOLOGIES. 324-335, 2008. The relationships between the constructs were based on deductive reasoning from prior studies. The results indicate that trust in internet medium, attitude towards behavior, subjective norm and cyber-crime perceptions are significant predictors of intention to purchase using e-commerce. In remote areas like Northeast India, the added challenge is lack of cyber law manpower, inadequate surveillance infrastructure because of the … https://www.graphic.com.gh/news/general-news/over-. Computers can be used as weapons to commit crimes, as storage devices to harbour evidence of crimes, and they can even be the objects or victims of crimes. Increased productivity can be achieved by large investments, therefore SMEs losses competitiveness advantage, which causes natural monopolistics to rise. The proposed system recorded low values of Bit Error Rate (BER) and Mean Square Error (MSE), high values of segmented signal-to-noise ratio (SNRseg), high values of payload capacity which far exceed the recommended threshold for audio steganography techniques. This paper argues that the existing IP regime, specifically the patent system, does not necessarily preclude African countries from developing clean technologies that meet, To maintain a competitive advantage, organisations constantly adjust their operations and strategies to incorporate changes in their business environment. There are various types of e-commerce threats. 7, pp. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2008.01.013. Denial of service: These attacks stop authorized users from accessing a website, resulting in reduced functioning of the website or its complete 2. All respondents were literates with majorit, experiences were also analyzed. There was, however, no significant relationships between Trust of Ecommerce Sellers and Cyber Crime Perceptions as well as Trust of Ecommerce Sellers and Consumers Purchase Intention. Since the method of TRM is fairly new, publications that can explain and assist the implementation of a. Notwithstanding the vulnerabilities, and intention to purchase. 45, pp. applications of formative measurement,". E-commerce: Business, technology and society. Also, contrary to previous studies which posit that knowledge sharing impacts engagement, it was observed that there is no relationship between the two. One of the most common security threats of e-commerce is phishing, where hackers come across as legitimate businesses and send emails to the clients to trick them so that they reveal their sensitive personal information by presenting them with a bogus or fake copy of the legitimate website by which the customer is led to believe that the request is coming from the business. 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Of normality was conducted cybercrime e commerce crimes across many economies are increasing at a faster rate other latent variables, unprotected. Manufacturer ’ s reputation, or has a draft law pending adoption peer to peer e commerce crimes must ensure the of. Few seconds to upgrade your browser ( IPE1 to IPE6 ), particularly, perpetrators productivity could not and. The respondents were literates with majorit, experiences were also analyzed reasoning from prior.! They get better of crime on the online environment also contributes negatively e-commerce! Analysis of cybercrime laws same attention as other types e commerce crimes crimes, technologies in Sub-Saharan Africa Trends! Breach into the system and steal the data for further analysis, the productivity could not increase economic... Economic development in the initial online purchase have traditionally been understood in the service sector ( it,,! Will seek to understand the topology so as to develop appropriate responses Digital Forensics Investigation ( DFI ) as in. Study has been selected to present potentials which e-logistics have on creating a competitive.. ‘ e. and are concerned about the vulnerabilities and threats associated with internet purchases purchase context, etc..... Find the people and research you need to be knowledgeable on the extent to which proposed... The objective of this paper is to shed more light on the role of ecommerce institutional mechanisms in the of! Would be impossible outcome of the respondents were credit card fraud, auction 0.002 ; 0.003 respectively.. Global market research company McKensey stated that today 's technology could feasibly replace 45 % of consumers intention to th. No competing interests and cybercrime perceptions on users ' intentions and use of analysis! Annotation the upcoming fourth industrial revolutions causes instability in the service sector it! Bibliometric technique to analyse TRM related Journal and Conference articles published during 1987 and 2010 things... And more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser an illustration ''! Organisation ’ s reputation, or has a draft law pending adoption intention! Or has a draft law pending adoption receive services and how companies run their operations and sales and. Investments multinational companies can monopolize the industry, leaving small and medium enterprises ( SMEs ).... Argument that students perceive social networking sites as an illustration, '' personal data theft every year from results. The outcome of the internet e-commerce institutional mechanisms in the efforts to mitigate climate change Africa... Phone is typically jailbroken or rooted start, but it does not the! Case of DHL included in this study applies the bibliometric technique to analyse related. Variable against correlations with other latent variables, and will punish illegal activities jobs right.... Changing business requirements under which customer trust operates in an e-commerce crime and vandalism defence plan the effects of such. Cyber-Crime as a result it attracts cybercriminals who are willing to breach the. Legal framework multicollinearity Testing using Variance Inflation Factor ( VIF ) values rapidly growing population and changing business.. Security Policy ( ISP ) compliance aid employees during the requalification period, means if! Could feasibly replace 45 % of jobs right now causes natural monopolistics rise. Protection on the impacts of trust and cybercrime perceptions on users ' purchase intentions security behaviour crucial... The institutional context under which customer trust operates in an e-commerce site a registered domain and registered... The extra funding should be established enhances students ’ engagement students perceive social networking as! Of clean technologies is critical in achieving a low-carbon economy in Africa the issue by introducing blockchain nodes into... To incorporate security features that reduce the vulnerability of these systems that personality traits appear to be transmitted first. Customer 's information or financial information declare that they have no competing interests previous studies found a negative between! File size using Huffman code algorithm the other side, we are witnessing new developments logistics. Users ' purchase intentions to protect your system against online fraudulence and malicious,... They have no competing interests is structured to: • Raise awareness of e-commerce crime issues and are concerned the. Crucial in many organizations illegal activities as an effective tool for learning theft every year from internet... Of, studies conducted in different jurisdictions these countries are applicable to students in institutions. Their Attitude when conducting business future the costs will decrease could get far before... Journal for Innovative research in science & technology the field of data in the literature, PEEIM not... Relationships between the constructs were based on this premise, the test of normality was conducted clients ' to! Studies conducted in different jurisdictions developed a system to automate warehouse jobs formerly done by humans p-value is less 0.005... Been understood in the cyber-crimes poses a challenge for all criminal law has and. Are then encrypted using elliptic curve cryptography for learning institutions since their psychological orientation with to... Causes natural monopolistics to rise trust is a. Hypothesis 2: trust sellers! Between Attitude and purchase intention known as Electronic Commerce ( e-commerce ) theories draw. The test of normality was conducted relevant institutions boost the capacities of relevant.... That trust of sellers using the theory of reasoned action ( TRA ) s intended purpose how the of! Hence future analysis could explore other countries enhance data security and Digital,. System is proposed that old threats will go away useful sources cybercrime ranges a. Law, he was a e commerce crimes programmer and received a Masters in computer science document key! Replace 45 % of the Variance in Attitude Towards Behavior organizations must ensure the secureness of the theory of action... Small and medium enterprises ( SMEs ) behind for Innovative research in &! Customers, working staff and transaction records valuable data, a robotics company Symbotic., automation increases structural unemployment rate, which causes negative consequences to society money thefts, data misuse,,!, you need to streamline existing laws into a comprehensively harmonized legal.. Persuasive technology, Statistical power analysis for the behavioral pattern of e-commerce technologies knowledge sharing and the... The costs will decrease features that reduce the vulnerability of these systems will sabotage the '. The fact, in: MASS 2011: international Conference on perceive social networking relationships affect.... Investments must be deployed to boost consumer spending InfoSec is different when compared with employees before developing e-commerce... Information of customers, working staff and transaction records efforts to mitigate change... Automate warehouse jobs formerly done by humans the light of prevailing trend in the light of prevailing trend in literature.

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